The Upper Room is where Jesus and His disciples observed the Passover supper (The Last Supper) just prior to His arrest and crucifixion on Calvary. It was here that Jesus took bread, gave thanks, broke it, and gave it to His disciples, saying, "Take and eat; this is My body." Then He took the cup, gave thanks and offered it to them, saying, "Drink from it all of you. This is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins." The room to the left, though built on the same site, is from a later period.
The Garden Of Gethsemane was a favorite spot of Jesus and His disciples; it is a small olive grove located just outside of Jerusalem on the Mount of Olives. It was here that Judas Iscariot betrayed Jesus.
The Via Dolorosa was the route taken by Jesus, through Jerusalem, as He carried the cross on His way to Calvary (Golgotha.)
Golgotha (The Place of the Skull) is the site where Jesus was crucified. It was here that God's only begotten Son shed His blood and died that we might have life and have it more abundantly.
The Garden Tomb is the site where many believe Jesus' body was laid after His crucifixion. Three days later, Jesus rose from the grave; for the grave was not able to hold Him.
The Mount Of Olives, seen in the distance from inside Jerusalem, is the site from which Jesus ascended into Heaven forty days after His resurrection. It is also to this Mount, that He will return.