Bethlehem is where God's only begotten Son Jesus was born to a lowly virgin named Mary; Mary was there with Joseph, to whom she was betrothed. They were there in response to a decree that a census be taken of the entire Roman world by the emperor Caesar Augustus. Due to large crowds however, there was no room for them in the inn; so God's one and only Son Jesus was born in a stable. It was here that angels appeared to shepherds in the fields proclaiming the birth of Jesus.
Nazareth is where Jesus grew up. After John the Baptist was imprisoned by Herod, Jesus moved from Nazareth to Capernaum.
Capernaum is known as the home of Jesus and His apostles. While walking by the Sea of Galilee near Capernaum one morning, Jesus called Peter and His brother Andrew to follow Him; He told them that He would make them fishers of men. At this time, He also called James and John the sons of Zebedee; all four were fishermen on the sea of Galilee. This is also the site of Matthew's call by Jesus. Many miracles were performed, and gracious words spoken, by Jesus, in Capernaum.
The Mount of Beatitudes is located near Capernaum and is believed to be the site of the Sermon on the Mount; the exact site is not known with certainty however. On this hillside, Jesus taught His disciples what it is to be a true Christian disciple.
The Synagogue At Capernaum is where Jesus taught and performed many miracles. The present day ruins of a synagogue in Capernaum are from a later period however; around 400 AD. It is also possible that this site could have been the site of the original synagogue in Capernaum, but it is not known.
The Sea Of Galilee is where Jesus walked upon the water. Much of Jesus' ministry took place around the Sea of Galilee.